The University of Iowa Anti-Violence Plan
for sexual misconduct, dating violence, and stalking

The University of Iowa has a committed team working to prevent sexual misconduct, dating violence, and stalking; provide support to survivors; and hold offenders accountable.

The UI strives to maintain a safe and respectful environment, which requires campus-wide support and continuous effort. Through collaborative efforts, including the Six Point Plan to Combat Sexual Assault, we have made measurable progress, but there is more work to be done.

The University of Iowa Anti-Violence Coalition (AVC), made up of campus stakeholders and community partners, worked together to identify additional action items focusing on prevention and education, policy, and intervention. This new two-year plan is influenced by responses to the Speak Out Iowa campus climate survey (noted by numbers), evidence-informed efforts and practices (noted by letters), and input from members of the AVC and campus constituents.

It’s on all of us to continue this important work. 

 

Prevention and Education

Goal: To expand existing programs, create new education opportunities for the campus community, and use comprehensive evaluation to maximize the effectiveness of all programming. This work is guided by the UI Comprehensive Education Model.

  1. Implement an online refresher course on sexual misconduct in the first semester for incoming undergraduate students as a follow-up to the required Success at Iowa course taken before coming to campus (2)
     >>Fall 2016: Refresher course made available to UI community via the Ending Violence at Iowa site through the end of the fall 2016 semester
     >>Fall 2016: Refresher course implemented as a required component of the Success at Iowa course for all incoming Spring 2017 undergraduate students

  2. Develop a new module for orientation programs for incoming graduate and professional students to increase awareness of resources and reporting options, as well as prevention education (5, 12) (B, C)
    >>Spring 2017: The Graduate College has scheduled time in their fall orientation program for a new prevention education module, which is being developed by WRAC and RVAP

  3. Expand faculty/staff sexual harassment prevention education by:
    • Including employees with appointments below 50% and undergraduate students in formal peer leadership roles (e.g., tutors) (5) (C)
    • Including more primary prevention strategies, as well as explaining the importance of creating an environment where sexist and crude gender harassment is not used, even if it does not violate university policy (5) (C)

  4. Explore options and models for partnering with feeder high schools given evidence that prevention is more likely to be effective with students, developmentally, before college (2) (C)

  5. Continue to engage and share prevention resources and strategies with community partners to help prevent incidents of sexual misconduct off campus (3) (C)
    >>Spring 2017: RVAP is training new staff to facilitate Raise the Bar workshops and reaching out to local bars to provide the workshop

  6. Work with Fraternity and Sorority Life staff and student leaders to implement procedures that create protective environments (e.g., improving safety and monitoring at events and creating social incentives for behavior) (2) (C)
    >>Spring 2017: The Vice President for Student Life appointed a committee of Fraternity and Sorority Life (FSL) student leaders to develop recommendations to create protective environments within FSL chapters

  7. Continue to develop and implement targeted education for and about specific populations identified at high risk for victimization (e.g., international students, LGBT community, etc.) (H)
    >>Spring 2017: Anti-Violence Coalition in-service training on working with LGBTQIA survivors was offered to AVC members
    >>Spring 2017: OSMRC and Monsoon United Asian Women of Iowa offered a workshop during international student orientation on the UI's sexual misconduct policy and campus and community resources for survivors
    >>Spring 2017: RVAP, SACSM, UISG, GPSG, MAC, and OSMRC co-sponsored a film premier of "The Voiceless" about male-identified survivors of sexual violence followed by a panel discussion
    >>Spring 2017: Anti-Violence Coalition in-service training on working with male-identified survivors was offered to AVC members
    >>Spring 2017: RVAP and WRAC are working with the Student Disability Organization, UI Trans Alliance, Greater China Business Association, Chinese in Iowa City, OASIS, Black Student Union, and KUSA to gather feedback and recommendations on prevention programming for students
    >>Spring 2017: The Iowa Intensive English Program (IIEP) piloted a new curricular unit on the UI sexual misconduct policy, bystander intervention, and healthy relationships

  8. Increase messaging to parents about policies, procedures, resources, and how to respond to a disclosure (D)

  9. Develop and implement programming that promotes healthy masculinity across campus, specifically engaging groups where students who identify as men come together (C)
    >>Spring 2017: The Department of Public Safety, in collaboration with UI Athletics, WRAC, and RVAP, trained six student co-facilitators for a new education program promoting healthy masculinity that will be offered on campus in Fall 2017

  10. Raise awareness about dating violence and stalking, including where to get help and how to report victimization (6,7) (B, H), by:
    • Implementing a communications campaign (11)
      >>Spring 2017: An awareness-raising campaign to increase understanding about stalking and where to get help was implemented in residence halls, the IMU, the CRWC, academic buildings, and on social media. Assessment data was collected to evaluate effectiveness.
    • Making sure existing programs have the resource information on stalking and dating violence readily accessible

  11. Implement Enhanced Assess, Acknowledge, Act (EAAA) sexual assault resistance education program (1) (C), including content on:
    • The role of alcohol (3)
    • Verbal and physical defense (1, 8)
    • Perpetrator behavior and patterns (8)

  12. Ensure programs reinforce that sexual assault by an acquaintance is most common while also raising awareness of measures to reduce the risk of victimization by a stranger (8)
     >>Fall 2016: NITE RIDE late-night transportation service expanded to be open to all genders

  13. Ensure alcohol harm reduction efforts include: (3) (C, I)
    • Recommendations for parents/guardians on talking with their student about alcohol (e.g., A Parent Handbook for Talking with College Students About Alcohol)
    • Environmental prevention strategies (e.g., alcohol control measures/local ordinances)
    • Late-night entertainment alternatives
     >>Fall 2016: Alcohol Harm Reduction Committee committed to retaining the parent handbook, working collaboratively with the Anti-Violence Coalition on environmental prevention strategies, and ensuring there are late-night alternatives in the Alcohol Harm Reduction Plan and budget

  14. Identify and explore ways to centralize the evaluation of all student prevention education programs through coordination in the Office of the Vice President for Student Life (B, E)

  15. Build a team of peer educators to expand capacity for prevention education, including increasing student preparedness to respond to disclosures of victimization (1, 9, 11)
    >>Spring 2017: Ten student peer educators were hired by WRAC and completed certification training to co-facilitate violence prevention workshops on campus. 22 workshops have been provided to date.

  16. Maximize attendance of bystander intervention training during On Iowa! by offering it earlier in the orientation schedule, and track attendance so students not in attendance can be identified for future programming (2) (C)
     >>Fall 2016: The bystander intervention training in the Fall 2016 On Iowa! session was offered earlier in the week; commitment to retain schedule change

  17. Partner with UISG to promote It’s On Us messaging campaign to expand its impact and ensure the content is aligned and linked to other prevention activities (1, 2) (C)
     >>Fall 2016: UISG produced a new It's On Us Public Service Announcement

  18. Create a web resource connecting groups and individuals looking for education with the appropriate resources and opportunities (2) (C)
     >>Fall 2016: The Ending Violence at Iowa site went live

  19. Implement a strategy for continuous improvement by establishing learning benchmarks for all students in their first, second, third, and fourth years, and assessing outcomes (e.g., know when each student should receive what content and develop specific skills, recognizing that there’s an optimal progression in knowledge/skills development) (F, H)

  20. Implement biannual climate survey of students regarding their experiences with sexual misconduct, dating violence, and stalking (I)
    >>Spring 2017: The Campus Climate Survey Subcommittee is preparing for a second Speak Out Iowa survey to be implemented in fall 2017

 

Intervention

GOAL: To integrate inclusive, trauma-informed, person-centered interventions for all those impacted by sexual misconduct, dating violence, and stalking, in a fair and equitable manner.

  1. Enhance education about resources on campus and in the community for students to ensure they know where to get help and where to make a report by: (12) (B)
    • Providing a safety booklet in every residence hall room that highlights resources available on campus (2)
       >>Fall 2016: Safety booklet was provided in every residence hall room, sponsored by UI Parent and Family network; commitment to retain content in booklet for fall 2017
    • Updating crime alerts to include hyperlinks/images (11)
    • Increasing reminders about where to get help and where to report by exploring new communication methods to reach students and implementing messaging campaigns (9, 12) (B)
       >>Fall 2016: Department of Public Safety introduced the Hawk Watch app
       >>Fall 2016: Redesigned resource and reporting information in Success at Iowa course to ensure students know where to get help
       >>Fall 2016: UI Athletics added reporting and resource information to new student athlete orientation program.

  2. Provide training on responding effectively to disclosures to promote help-seeking behavior by:
    • Increasing education programs for students/campus community on how to respond to a disclosure by a friend/peer (9)
    • Ensuring responsible employees or Academic Administrative Officers (A/AOs) can recognize and respond to a disclosure of sexual misconduct, dating violence, or stalking (5, 6 & 7) (B)
       >>Fall 2016: "Responding to Disclosures as an A/AO" information guide was mailed to over 8,500 UI staff and faculty
       >>Fall 2016: "Responding to Disclosures as an A/AO" workshop offered by OSMRC and RVAP was requested by 3 departments and completed by 55 staff and faculty

      >>Spring 2017: The Academic Advising Center hosted a webinar training and discussion with OSMRC to ensure advisors are prepared to respond to a disclosure and meet their reporting responsibilities

  3. Collaborate with directors of graduate programs and professional school deans to cultivate a respectful and safe environment within their department or college (5) (E)
    >>Spring 2017: The Office of the Provost's Departmental Executive Officer Leadership Development Series included materials on A/AO responsibilities to help ensure concerns get reported and addressed promptly and appropriately

  4. Advance investigative expertise for campus law enforcement and judicial administrators to increase accountability of persons committing sexual assault, dating violence, domestic violence, and stalking (4) (H):
    • Develop a sustainable education program for new officers and judicial administrators
       >>Fall 2016: Two Department of Public Safety (DPS) officers attended a trainer development workshop then developed and implemented a 5-hour training on gender-based violence for all DPS officers
      >>Spring 2017: One DPS officer attended a trainer development workshop hosted by the National Center for Victims of Crime Stalking Resource Center
    • Provide annual ongoing training to all officers and judicial administrators, ensuring training content is culturally inclusive and addresses needs of the LGBT community
       >>Fall 2016: Anti-Violence Coalition in-service training on the neurobiology of trauma and trauma-informed victim interviewing techniques was made available to AVC members and others involved in the campus Title IX complaint process
      >>Spring 2017: Anti-Violence Coalition in-service training on non-consensual pornography was made available to AVC members and others involved in the campus Title IX complaint process

  5. Strengthen resources for survivors:
    • Raise awareness about the impact of adverse childhood experiences (ACE) to promote linkage with resources for reducing the risk of future trauma (4) (C)
       >>Fall 2016: A question related to ACEs was added to the Excelling@Iowa survey for all first-year, transfer, and TRIO students, allowing for a student to be immediately linked with resources, if needed
    • Expand the capacity of RVAP to provide long-term therapeutic care and support group services (1, 2) (C)
       >>Fall 2016: RVAP added Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing (EMDR) as a resource to survivors
    • Increase survivors’ access to immediate support through RVAP advocacy and mobile messaging (I)
      >>Spring 2017: RVAP is hiring for a new full-time campus advocate to provide advocacy services to members of the UI campus community, and plans to have this position filled prior to the end of the spring semester

  6. Expand resources for people accused of sexual misconduct by:
    • Creating student judicial process guidance for those accused (G)
    • Increasing training for senior human resource representatives and associate deans on how to have effective conversations that motivate behavioral change when facilitating an informal sexual harassment resolution (5)

  7. Expand resources for people found responsible for a policy violation to prevent reoccurrence and ensure fairness: 
    • Ensure an alcohol or drug assessment is required as a sanction when the person found responsible was using alcohol or drugs during an incident of sexual misconduct, dating violence, or stalking (3))
       >>Fall 2016: Office of the Dean of Students committed to requiring an alcohol or drug assessment as a sanction in cases in which the student found responsible for an incident of sexual misconduct, dating violence, or stalking was using drugs or alcohol
    • Implement a research-informed educational program for students who are found responsible for sexual misconduct, dating violence, or stalking to prevent reoccurrence (H)
      >>Spring 2017: Curriculum created and five facilitators trained to implement the UI-CERB (Cognitive, Emotion Regulation, and Behavioral Skills) education program, which is now required for eligible students found responsible for sexual misconduct, dating violence, or stalking

  8. Engage with community partners to ensure coordinated responses by establishing a memorandum of understanding with local law enforcement agencies to complement the county guidelines for investigating sex crimes (J)

 

Policy

Goal: To review and revise policies on a consistent basis to ensure they are clear, fair, and effective at holding offenders accountable and keeping the campus community safe.

  1. Streamline and align existing civil rights policies and procedures while exploring the feasibility of merging them into one policy (A)

  2. Identify and utilize a variety of mechanisms to collect campus feedback to inform policy review and revision

  3. Identify and engage with local, state, and national policy leaders, as well as professional associations (e.g., elected officials, Office of Civil Rights, Association of Title IX Administrators, and National Association of College and University Attorneys) to confirm legal requirements are met, best practices are implemented, and the university contributes to societal change
    >>Spring 2017: UI administrators consulted with Senator Ernst's staff on the planned reintroduction of the Campus Accountability and Safety Act (CASA)

  4. Develop explicit campus policy education programs and tools to increase knowledge about how policies are applied by:
    • Broadening publication of aggregate response and investigation outcomes data, including sanctions imposed, related to sexual misconduct, dating violence, and stalking to increase transparency (10)
    • Continuing to build on students’ favorable perception of how the UI would respond to a student reporting an incident of sexual misconduct, by increasing knowledge on how sexual misconduct policies and procedures are applied (10) (B)
      >>Spring 2017: OSMRC published a booklet describing the stages of the student conduct complaint process to help survivors make an informed choice about making a student conduct complaint

 

SOURCES

A - ATIXA: Association of Title IX Administrators (n.d.).  The ATIXA one policy, one process model policy: Why choose the-one policy/one-process model. Retrieved from https://atixa.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/Why-Choose-the-One-Policy-One-Process-Model.pdf   

B - ATIXA: Association of Title IX Administrators (2016).  The ATIXA Title IX and VAWA section 304 training checklist.  Retrieved from https://atixa.org/resources/training-checklist/

C - Centers for Disease Control.  (2016).  STOP SV: A technical package to prevent sexual violence.  Atlanta, GA.  Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/sv-prevention-technical-package.pdf  

D - The University of Iowa Academic Support and Retention (n.d.). Excelling@Iowa data showing that 20% of students talk to their parents and families every 3 waking hours. Shared at meeting 9/2016.

E - Nation, M., Crusto, C., Wandersman, B., Kumpfer, K. L., Seybolt, D., Morrissey-Kane, E., & Davino, K. (2003). What works in prevention: Principles of effective prevention programs. American Psychologist, 58(6/7), 449-456.

F - Nation, M., Keener, D., Wandersman, A., & DuBois, D. (2005). Applying the principles of prevention: What do prevention practitioners need to know about what works? Retrieved from http://www.odvn.org/training/Documents/doc-principles-prevention.pdf

G - Office of Civil Rights. (April 4, 2011). Dear colleague letter on sexual violence.  Retrieved from http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/letters/colleague-201104.pdf

H - U.S. Department of Justice Office on Violence Against Women 2014 Grant to Resource Sexual Assault, Domestic Violence, Dating Violence, and Stalking on Campus

I - The White House (2014).The first report of the White House Task Force to Protect Students From Sexual Assault. Washington, DC: Author.  Retrieved from https://www.notalone.gov/assets/report.pdf

J - The White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault (n.d.). Building partnerships among law enforcement agencies, colleges and universities: Developing a memorandum of understanding to prevent and respond effectively to sexual assaults at colleges in universities. Retrieved from https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/docs/white_house_task_force_law_enforcement_mou.pdf

 

Download a PDF of this document here: PDF iconUI Anti-Violence Plan_FULL.pdf